The art of the XIXth century was complex and multifaceted, old movement were revived and new ones created. With the emergence of protest, artists want more freedom in subject matter and technique. The realistic artist painter in the 19th century represents the world. Along with the ideas of enlightenment a romantic movement was created on the nostalgia for a historical past and on the imagination. The colonial conquests in 1800 will also bring out a new style as well as the industrial era will have an impact on the artists and the subjects.